Decarbonization is an attempt to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Carbon dioxide is one of the gases that cause the greenhouse effect, which triggers global warming. NASA said that the average carbon dioxide content in the Earth’s atmosphere in 2022 has reached 417.31 ppm.
Compared to previous years, this number is a new record. From 2019 to 2022, we saw a spike of up to 2.6 ppm. This data shows that carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere are rising and are also rapidly increasing to alarming levels. How can decarbonization solve this problem?
What is decarbonization?
Decarbonization is a way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) gas in the earth’s atmosphere. The term decarbonization is often associated with two things: machines and energy.
Engine decarbonization relates to the internal combustion system of a car engine. This process aims to reduce CO2 gas residue that accumulates in the internal combustion of fossil-fueled cars. The higher the residue pile, the higher the CO2 emissions released into the air.
Energy decarbonization aims to reduce CO2 emissions before they are released into the atmosphere by replacing the entire energy system. However, this process is not as simple as replacing electrical energy sources (such as steam power plants) with renewable generators. These alternative energy sources must also be low-carbon, sustainable, and efficient (like green hydrogen).
What is the benefits of decarbonization on climate problems
By decreasing CO2 levels, we can reduce global warming caused by the greenhouse effect. This is good for human health and survival. The application of energy sources is also likely to create wider employment opportunities so that people can have new livelihoods.
In short, decarbonization helps humans to keep the earth a comfortable place to live. Decarbonization is an effort to reduce the emergence of things that can trigger damage to the planet (the greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming).
Examples of Decarbonization
Decarbonization has such a broad scope that the examples of its application are varied. Here are some examples of high-impact decarbonization:
1. Implementing a green economy
According to the United Nations Environment Program definition, a green economy is an economy that aims to reduce environmental damage and ecological scarcity that focuses on sustainable development without damaging the environment.
Now, many industries have started to apply this economic concept. Moreover, for the consumers, a product with an environmentally friendly label will look more attractive. An example of using a green economy in the industry is avoiding production processes that are high in carbon emissions and supporting social protection and workers’ rights.
2. Develop renewable energy
Renewable energy and decarbonization are inseparable. By switching to renewable and sustainable energy, we can minimize CO2 emissions.
But keep in mind, this is not only limited to the transition process. From the side of regulators, the government should make policies that support renewable energy development as much as possible. Not only in terms of technology but also from a socio-economic perspective to create new jobs for the community. It will create a more environmentally friendly and sustainable ecosystem.
3. Wider distribution of access to more environmentally friendly energy
Access is a challenge that is still often faced when realizing decarbonization. People still find it difficult to access more environmentally friendly energy.
The Indonesian government itself began to formulate a solution to overcome this problem. In the 2020-2024 National Research Priority (PRN), the government designs the construction of supporting infrastructure for electric vehicles in the form of SPBKLU (General Electric Vehicle Battery Exchange Station) and SPKLU (General Electric Vehicle Charging Station). People will switch to electric vehicles that are more environmentally friendly.
Decarbonization is a process to reduce carbon dioxide gas emissions resulting from various human activities. It’s not easy, but that doesn’t mean decarbonization is impossible.
Now, you can also participate in various decarbonization projects all over Indonesia through the Anagata token (AHA). The Anagata token combines real and platform projects that are still related to the acceleration of the carbon trading ecosystem in Indonesia. For more details on the Anagata token and complete information on decarbonization, you can check here! Also, make sure you don’t miss any information about go green activities and AHA tokens by following Instagram and Telegram AHA tokens.